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On top of all this, researchers examined these intricate nanophotonic structures from the point of view of quantum mechanics. This opens up a whole new field, which is intriguing and of great interest. The scientists generated a one-dimensional photonic crystal which is able to trap light in one spot for a long time only to bring it back to its original position without any input of energy. Additionally, they simulated light if emitted from a far-away point, and the light-receiving nanophotonic element then compensated for this effect to a large degree.
In the future, these results will be used by experimental physicists to build better quantum circuits. On the longer term, this may give rise to an entirely new field of research, with researches using light particles to interact with each other, similar to the way electrons take part in electronic computers. Theoretical physicists are already investigating the consequences of such a light-to-light interaction.
"If we are able to demonstrate such an interaction between light particles, it opens up an entirely new paradigm for future cluster computing," say the research team. In the long term, applications are conceivable in quantum cryptography or quantum information technology (QIT). In this case, an interaction of two light particles would be stronger than any electrical or electronic one. It would allow two objects to interact (program against each other) without being in direct contact or using electron or nuclear shells.
Using established methods, the researchers created a hybrid trap for such rare-earth metal ions using tweezer-like optical lattices. These can be fabricated on a chip and led to the observation of remarkable magnetic properties. The major challenge was to prevent the ions from escaping the trap to be re-used for Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC). In order to meet this challenge, they used a hybrid trap, especially developed for the team. The ion itself resides in a traditional Penning trap which can carry many ions. To hold back atoms in the trap, the researchers used a second trap induced by laser light. d2c66b5586